As it pertains to a summary judgment, it is a final decision for a civil action that does not involve lengthy evaluations of evidence. The instance of a summary circumnavigates the need for trial because there are no plausible grounds for concerning specified questions in the lawsuit to be decided; meaning that the issue is abated instantly. In this situation, the party who believes they are entitled to prevail by Law make the motion for the summary judgment. The court then considers the entirety of the case to decide the motion, and if evidence warrants the court can grant a summary judgment to the party who did not call for a summary.
Summary Judgment is thus governed in Federal Courts by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and State Courts by State Codes.